Destinations in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh, the state of eternal natural beauty, is situated in the heart of the western Himalayas. It is known for its fascinating landscapes, lakes, wildlife, and rivers. The state is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the North, Uttar Pradesh in the South-East, Haryana in the South, Punjab in the West and Tibet in the East. Shimla, a beautiful city, is the state capital. Himachal Pradesh is dominated by mountains and their associated rivers and valleys. The state demarcated from the plains by the Shivaliks has five mighty rivers flowing through it - the Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas and Yamuna. Himachal Pradesh can be easily segregated by its valleys. Lahaul consists of the Chandra and Bhaga valleys. Further east, the Spiti river joins the Sutlej river in Kinnaur and flows all the way to the Punjab. In the west, the beautiful Kangra valley stretches from Mandi to Shahpur, near Pathankot. The country's highest dam, Bhakra Nangal, stands on river Sutlej in the Bilaspur district of this state, making it a major source of hydroelectric power. Himachal Pradesh is also known as the 'Apple state' because the country's first apples(and potatoes) were cultivated here. It also has Asia's largest fruit processing unit located in Parwanoo. The Himachal Pradesh is full of hill stations, pilgrimages, adventure sports destinations, and wildlife. The state has democratic form of governance , like any other Indian State. The people of the state elect their representatives every 5 years . The State Assembly or Vidhan Sabha has 68 M.L.As (Member of Legislative Assembly).
There are twelve districts in Himachal, as listed below:
Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahual Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan, Una
The entire region of Himachal Pradesh is hilly with the altitude ranging from 350 meters to 7000 meters above sea level. Forming a part of the Punjab Himalayas, the altitude increases from west to east and from south to north. Geographically, Himachal Pradesh can be divided into three distinct regions, the Shivalik or outer Himalayas, middle Himalayas or inner Himalayas, and greater Himalayas or the alpine zone. The lower Himalayas include the districts of Hamirpur, Kangra, Una, Bilaspur, and the lower parts of Solan, Sirmaur, and Mandi commonly known as the Shivalik Hills. The altitude in this region ranges from 350 meters to 1,500 meters.
The middle Himalayas comprise the region between the altitudes of 1,500 meters and 4,500 meters. The districts under this region are parts of Sirmaur, Mandi, and the upper parts of Kangra, Shimla, and Chamba.
The greater Himalayas or the alpine zone is at an altitude of 4,500 meters and above. The region is cut across by the river Sutlej and comprises the Kinnaur and Pangi tehsils of Chamba, and some part of Lahaul and Spiti.
Winters (October to February) are very severe and heavy snowfall is recorded during this season. April to June is delightful and comfortable at the higher altitudes, though on the lower hills, this season can have more humidity than usual. July to September is the time for rainfall and the entire region becomes green and fresh with streams swelling and springs replenished. The summer temperature varies from the maximum of 38º celsius to minimum 22º celsius and the winter temperature varies from maximum 15º celsius to minimum 0º celsius. The annual rainfall is 2909-3800 mm. Most of the adventure sports are conducted during June to September period. The months from September to March are best suited for a great trip to Himachal Pradesh.