Indian Climate - Weather
You will experience a
range of variations in the Indian climatic conditions. India has
three major seasons – summers, winters and monsoon. The lines
below will tell you about Indian weather in detail:
The summer season in India lasts from March to June. During
summers, temperature can even go above average, causing unbearable
heat. Another drawback of summers is the dust-laden air that can
hamper views. Many Indians, themselves, head to "hill stations" to
get a relief from the extreme heat of the lowlands.
The winter season lasts from October to February. It is the best
time to visit India. The weather is pleasant throughout the
country with minimal rainfall in most places. It is the ideal time
to enjoy the beauty of India.
The monsoon season lasts from July to September. Rains sweep
across the country with heavy downpours. The drawback of this
season is a high possibility of flooding in some areas. This makes
it difficult to travel around. Duration of monsoons may vary in
different regions by several weeks.
Climate of Rajasthan
climate of Rajasthan can be divided into four seasons:
Pre-Monsoons, Monsoon, Post-Monsoon and Winter.
Pre-monsoon, which extends from April to June, is the hottest
season, with temperatures ranging from 32oC to 45oC.
In western Rajasthan the temp may rise to 48C, particularly in May
and June. At this time, Rajasthan only hill station, Mt Abu
registers the lowest temperatures. In the desert regions, the
temperatures drops in night. Prevailing winds are from the west
and sometimes carry dust storms (we call them andhi).
The second season Monsoon extends from July to September, temp
drops but humidity increases making it very un comfortable, even
when there is slight drop in the temp (35oC to 40oC).
We have about 90% of our rains in this period.
The Post-monsoon period is from Oct to December. The average
maximum temperature is 33oC to 38oC, and the
minimum is between 18oC and 20oC.
The fourth season is the winter or cold season, from January to
March. There is a marked variation in maximum and minimum
temperatures, and regional variations across the state. January is
the coolest month of the year. And temp may drop to 0oC
in some cities of Rajasthan, like Churu. There is slight
precipitation in the north and north-eastern region of the state,
and light winds, predominantly from the north and north-east. At
this time, relative humidity ranges from 50% to 60% in the
morning, and 25% to 35% in the afternoon.
Temperature & Rainfall
January to March
50oF - 80oF
4MM - 7MM
April to June
75oF - 105oF
11MM - 30MM
July to September
70oF - 95oF
100MM - 165MM
October to December
55oF - 85oF
3MM - 8MM
These are average temp and rainfall of Rajasthan, and may vary for
each city. The temperature is in degrees Fahrenheit.
diversity of the geographical features of the state has resulted
in a corresponding diversity in climate. The High Ranges have a
cool and bracing climate throughout the year, while the plains are
hot and humid.
The average level of annual rainfall is quite high when compared
to other Indian states, almost three times higher than in
Karnataka while twice than in Tamilnadu. The state basically
enjoys 4 types of climate such as Winter ,Summer ,South West
Monsoon and North East Monsoon .
The winter season sets in during the month of December and
continues till end of February. During this season comparatively
there is less rainfall especially in the northern parts of the
Winter is followed by the summer season. Its tarts in February and
continues till May. Temperature is very high during this period.
Occasional showers with Lightning is a characteristic of this
season. Kottayam receives the highest rainfall during this season.
South West Monsoon
The South West Monsoon begins either in the end of May or in the
beginning of June and fades out by September. Moving towards
north, this seems to gain intensity. During this period Peerumedu
in Idukki and Vaithiri-Kuttiyadi range in Malabar receive the
highest rainfall. The rainfall is comparatively low in the
Lakshadweep islands. In the southern areas the monsoon is around
40-50% and in the northern areas it is around 80%.
North East Monsoon
The NorthEast Monsoon commences in October, dry weather setting in
by the end of December. The Kanjirappalli-Peerumedu range and
Kuttiyadi area experience the abundance of NorthEast Monsoon. The
northern parts of the state account for a mere 10% of the annual
The annual range of temperature is comparatively low in Kerala.
The coastal areas record a maximum temperature of 320c and a
minimum of 220c.The interiors record a maximum of 370c during
summer. In the coastal area it is hot and humid during April-May
while cool during December-January.
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