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Megh Bihu Festival - Fairs and Festivals in India

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Originating in the pre-Aryan days around 3500 b.c., the festival of Bihu used to last for a whole month, though nowadays work pressure has reduced it to a week. A no holds barred dancing session is the most intriguing part of the festival and symbolises the fertility rites of the original inhabitants of the hilly regions of the northeast in India. The farmers fancied that the erotic content of the songs would sexually arouse the earth’s body, leading to an abundant harvest.

Bihag Bihu or Rangoli Bihu, the first of the three Bihus, is celebrated in the month of April on the dates coinciding with the sankranti, chait or baisak (13, 14 and 15 April).

According to the solar calendar that the Assamese follow, the New Year usually falls on 14th April. Brilliantly-coloured flowers and luxuriant foliage dress the whole of Assam in all the hues of the rainbow during the month of April. An abundance of kopoful (orchids), mostly purple in colour, in unusual shapes and sizes dot the trees, and the bhebel creepers are in full bloom creating an enchanting kaleidoscope of colours. No one can fault the Assamese his choice of seasons for the Bihu festivals.

The vivid attire of the Assamese youth and the colourful accessories like kopoful adorning the hair of the young lasses blend with the hues of nature, spreading joy and good cheer. The day is marked with dancing, though restricted exclusively to men, who participate with unbridled enthusiasm and energy. But the winds of change have blown through this remote state also. Surrendering to contemporary trends, youngsters gather in the town centre and learn the steps from an old hand much in demand on this day.

Kati Bihu
The second bihu named kati bihu or kangali bihu is held in the month of kartik (September or October). But there is a world of difference in the celebration of this bihu from the former. Slowly but surely, winter is approaching, heralding the season for sowing seeds. This is a solemn occasion as people worship the deities for a rich harvest. The young learn to value hard work so that they do not squander money away.

Predictably enough, this bihu is dedicated to the worship of none other than Goddess Lakshmi who is the dispenser of wealth to mortals. As night falls, lamps are lit in the paddy fields where farmers have toiled through the day. At the end of a hard day’s work, all the members of a family pray to the benign Goddess for the well-being of their crop and cattle.

Gabhori Bihu
Gabhori bihu falls on the third day of the festival and is earmarked as the day for young ladies. The fair maidens of Assam look gorgeous in their muga silk wear and ornate gumkham bracelets. The orchids adorning the hair of the ladies add a whimsical touch to the formality of the outfit. Swaying to the beat of the toka (drum) and gogona (made from bamboo held between the teeth), the women dance the night away under the gentle breeze of banyan trees. Couplets are created spontaneously. Starting with a slow tempo, the rhythm builds up to a crescendo.

Magh Bihu
The Magh Bihu festival of Assam is celebrated with great fervor by its entire populace. Characterized by merry making and feasting, this festival marks the end of the harvesting season when there is abundance of everything. This is the time when the hard working agricultural folk of the state sit down to reap the benefits of their labor. However, it must be pointed out that the Magh Bihu festival is not limited to the agricultural pockets of the state. Right from the smallest of villages to the big towns and cities of Assam, people celebrate this festival with great joy, though it must be mentioned that the mode of celebration differs from the villages to the cities.

The Magh Bihu is also referred to as Bhogali Bihu or the festival of food and is celebrated in the month of January. It is the time when winter sets out on its last course, making way for spring. The night before Magh Bihu Festival is called Uruka and is characterized by loads of merry making and community feasts. However, many of the religious minded folks of Assam choose to fast and pray on this night.

Megh Bihu Festival - Fairs and Festivals in India - unique adventure, travel, experience, tours, packages, plans, itinerary, indian, luxury, medium, budget, cheap, unique, adventure, tours, travel, packages, plans, fairs and festivals, Megh Bihu Festival, itinerary

 

Fairs & Festivals in India

Buddha Purnima
Durga Pooja Navratra
Vijayadashmi
Holi - Festival of Colors
Teej - Festival of Women
Elephant Festival
Onam in Kerala
Kumbha Mela
Deepawali - Festival of Lights
Gangaur in Jaipur
Makar Sankranti
Pushkar Camel Fair
Nagaur Cattle Fair
Summer Festival in Mount Abu
Jaisalmer Desert Festival
International Kite Festival
Pongal Festival
Magh Bihu Festival
Mamallapuram Festival
Kolkata Festival
Modhera Dance Festival in Gujarat
Bikaner Camel Festival
Baneshwar Fair
Taj Mahotsav - Agra
Konark Festival in Orissa
Khajuraho Dance Festival
Khatushyam Ji Fair
Rangoli Bihu in Assam
Champakulam Boat Race in Kerala
Guru Purnima
Amarnath Yatra
Ganesh Chaturthi
Independence Day
Raksha Bandhan
Janmashtami
Nehru Trophy Boat Race in Alleppey, Kerala
Ganga Mahotsav
Chandrabhaga Fair
Christmas
Chennai Dance Festival
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