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Ujjain

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History of: Ancient city - 3000 years approx
Population: 4.29 Lac

One of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, known as Saptapurior Mokshapuri, Ujjain has been a prominent centre of religious activities for over 2,000 years. The township is particularly mentioned in the Atharva Veda, the last of the four Vedas (ancient Hindu texts written between 1,000 to 800 b.c.). Two parts of the Skanda Purana, another ancient holy text, are supposed to have been composed here.

The district of Ujjain along with its surrounding regions, was ancient Avantikawith its capital at Ujjayini, which literally means the glorious conqueror. Apart from being a religious place, Ujjain tourism highlights the city as a centre for astronomy,developed by one of its rulers, Jai Singh. Ancient Hindu geographers fixed the centre of the Earth and the first meridian here to make astronomical calculations.

Major Attractions

 

Mahakaleshwara Temple
Mahakaleshwara is a Shiva Temple. It is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. The temple has an idol of Omkareshwara Shiva consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal Shrine. The temple also has some exquisitely carved images of Ganesh, Parvati, Kartikeya and Shiva`s Bull, Nandi. The temple was destroyed by Iltitmush in 1235 but rebuilt in the 19th century. Legend has it that Shiva established his supremacy in the Trinity when Vishnu & Brahma even after 1000 years taking the form of a Boar & an Eagle could not to find out the source of an incandescent beam of light emitting from deep inside the earth. As they gave up he emerged as this light.

Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir
This temple has a sculpted image of lord Ganesh, the temple is located close to the tank near Maha kaleshwar temple.

Chintamani Ganesh
A temple of enormous antiquity. This is a very popular place of pilgrimage since it is believed that the idol of Lord Ganesha is self-formed and not man made.

Bhartrihari Caves
These caves are on the banks of the river Shipra near Gadkalika Temple. The great scholar-poet Bhartrihari lived and meditated in these caves which today is a tourist spot.
 

Fun Festives

 

Kumbh Mela

Festive occasions and fairs are an important part of the lives of people in Ujjain. An ancient religious centre, Ujjain is famous for the Kumbh Mela, a month-long fair attended by thousands of Hindu devotees.

Ardha Kumbh

The Ardha Kumbh (half Kumbh) is held every six years. Legend has it that a kumbh (pot) containing nectar arose from the depths of the ocean because of a tug-of-war between the gods and the demons. The ocean was churned with the help of the snake Vasuki, and Mount Meru.

Shivaratriis

The age-old festival of Shivaratriis dedicated to Shiva, the Destroyer in the Hindu Holy Trinity of Creator-Preserver-Destroyer.

 

Distance from major cities
Devas 37 Kms
Indore 45 Kms
Ratlam 55 Kms

 

How to reach there

by Air Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport, Indore is 49 kms from Ujjain and is well connected with Delhi, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Mumbai, Madhya Pradesh & many major cities of India.
by Rail Ujjain Railway Station is well connected with all major states & cities of India.
by Road Ujjain is well connected with good network of roads with all major cities of Madhya Pradesh.

Hotels in Ujjain

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