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Chittorgarh

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known for: The heroic spirit of Rajput warriors
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History of: 800 years
Population: 60 Th.

The pride and glory of Rajasthan. Chittor echoes with the tales of romance and valor unique to the Rajput tradition. A ruined citadel, where the royal past lives in its imposing forts, graceful palaces and spectacular 'chhatris'.

This fortified settlement has been ravaged thrice and each time the outcome was 'Jauhar' - when women and children immolated themselves on a huge funeral pyre while men donned in saffron robes of martyrdom rode out of the fort towards a certain death.

Alauddin Khilji was the first to sack Chittor in 1303 AD, overpowered by a passionate desire to possess the regal beauty, queen Padmini. Legend has that he saw her face in the reflection of a mirror and was struck by her mesmerizing beauty. But the noble queen preferred death to dishonor and committed 'Jauhar'.

In 1533 AD during the rule of Sikramjeet, came the second attack from Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat. Once again, Jauhar was led by Rani Karnvati, a Bundi princess. Her infant son, Udai Singh was smuggled out of Chittor to Bundi who survived to inherit the throne of the citadel. He learnt from his traumatic childhood that discretion is preferred to valor so, in 1567AD when the Mughal Emperor invaded Chittor; Udai Singh fled to establish a new capital, Udaipur - a beautiful lake city, leaving behind Chittor to be defended by two 16 year old heroes. Jaimal of Bednore and Patta of Kelwa. These young men displayed true Rajput chivalry and died after 'Jauhar' was peformed. Immediately thereafter, Akbar razed the Fort to a rubble.


Chittor was never inhabited again but it always asserted the heroic spirit of Rajput warriors.

 

Major Attractions

 

The Fort, Chittorgarh
The indomitable pride of Chittor, the fort is a massive structure with many gateways built by the literary rulers in 7th century AD. Perched on a height of 180 m high hill, it sprawls over 700 acres. The tablets and 'chhatris' within are impressive reminders of the Rajput heroism.

The main gates are Padam Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol and Ram Pol. The fort has many magnificent monuments - all fine examples of the Rajput architecture. The ancient ruins of the fort are worth spending few moments in solitude.

Vijay Stambh(Victory Tower), Chittorgarh
The imposing 37 metres high structure with nine storey, covered with exquisite sculptures of Hindu deities and depicting episodes from the two great epics -Ramayana and Mahabharata. It was built in 1440 AD by Maharana Kumbha, a powerful ruler of Mewar to commemorate his victory over the Muslim rulers of Malawi and Gujarat.

Kirti Stambh (Tower of Fame), Chittorgarh
The22 metres high tower built by a wealthy Jain merchant in the 12th century AD. The tower is dedicated to Adinathji, the first of the Jain Tirthankaras and is decorated with figures of the Jain pantheon.

Rana Kumbha's Palace, Chittorgarh
The ruined edifice of great historical and architectural interest, bring the most massive monument in the fort of Chittor. The palace is believed to have underground cellars where Rani Padmini and other women committed 'Jauhar'.

Jaimal and Patta Palaces, Chittorgarh
The ruins of palaces of Rathore Jaimal and Sisodia Patta are witness to the gallantry of these great warriors.

Padmini's Palace, Chittorgarh
Built beside a pool, the palace is a magnificent one. It was here that Rana Ratan Singh showed a glimpse of queen Padmini to Alauddin Khilji. Rani Padmini stood in 'Zanana Mahal' - a pavilion in the centre and her reflection was visible to Alauddin Khilji in a mirror placed in the main hall. After having glimpse of the legendary beauty, Alauddin went to the extent of ravaging Chittor in order to possess her.

 

Nearby Excursions

 

Nagari (20-km)
One of the oldest towns of Rajasthan, of great importance during the Mauryan period, is situated on the banks of River Banish. The Hindu and Buddhist remains from the Mauryan and Gupta period are found here.

Bassi Village (25-km)
Enroot Bundi is a marvelous village with historical forts, temples and 'kunds'. Especially famous are its sculptures and woodcraft. A place of great tourist interest.

Distance from major cities

Jaipur 311 Kms
Jodhpur 328 Kms
Udaipur 121 Kms

 

How to reach there

by Air Udaipur Airport is the nearest Airport to Chittorgarh
by Rail Chittorgarh Railway Station is well connected with Jodhpur, Jaipur, Udaipur and Delhi.
by Road Chittorgarh is well connected by road with Jodhpur, Jaipur, Udaipur and many more cities in Rajasthan.

Recommended Restaurants

  • Vinayak Restaurant, Chittorgarh

  • Hotel Pratap Palace Restaurant, Chittorgarh

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Hotel Pratap Palace

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